Mysteries of Knossos

Unravelling the Mysteries of the Ancient City of Knossos: A Journey Through History

A Journey Through History

Nestled on the beautiful island of Crete, Greece, lies the enigmatic ancient city of Knossos. Stepping into this archaeological wonder is like embarking on a journey through time, unravelling the mysteries of a civilisation long gone. Yet, as I explored its labyrinthine ruins, I couldn't help but be captivated by the rich history and legends surrounding this remarkable place.

The Minoan civilisation, named after the legendary King Minos of Crete, was an astonishing Bronze Age civilisation that thrived on the island of Crete from approximately 2700 BCE to 1450 BCE. The civilisation reached its peak around 2000 BCE and is renowned for its advanced culture, impressive architecture, and extensive trade networks. Believed to be the capital of the Minoan civilisation, Knossos flourished over 3,000 years ago, making it one of the oldest cities in Europe. 

The ruins I wandered through revealed a sophisticated and advanced society, with sprawling palaces, intricate frescoes, and ingenious architectural designs that showcased the Minoans' mastery.

One of Knossos's most intriguing aspects is the Minotaur's legend. According to Greek mythology, King Minos commanded the construction of a labyrinth to imprison the fearsome half-man, half-bull creature. Exploring the ruins, I couldn't help but imagine the tales of heroism and adventure associated with this mythical beast.

Ancient city of Knossos

I discovered the iconic Throne Room as I wandered deeper into the city. Its vividly painted walls depicted scenes of daily life, religious rituals, and mythological creatures, transporting me back to a time of grandeur and splendour. It was a testament to the artistic skill and cultural significance of the Minoans.

While the ancient city suffered destruction and abandonment, its secrets were preserved beneath layers of time and soil. The excavations, which began in the early 20th century, have brought Knossos back to life, enabling us to piece together its story and understand its significance in history.

The residential areas of Knossos revealed insights into the daily lives of its inhabitants. Intricate plumbing systems suggested a civilisation with advanced knowledge of sanitation, while storage rooms filled with pottery and relics provided a glimpse into their trade and economy. It was awe-inspiring to witness the remnants of a society so advanced for its time.

My journey through the ancient city of Knossos was a mesmerising adventure, a chance to delve into the depths of antiquity and unlock the mysteries of a lost civilisation. Standing among its ruins, I felt a profound connection to the past, as if the echoes of the Minoans still reverberated through the ages.

As I bid farewell to this fascinating place, I carried with me a newfound appreciation for the resilience and ingenuity of ancient civilisations. Knossos, with its fascinating history and enduring allure, will forever hold a special place in my heart—a testament to the enduring power of human achievements across time.


Knossos is located near Heraklion on the Greek island of Crete. Here's some information to help you plan your trip:

Travel: To reach Knossos, you'll need to travel to Heraklion, either by plane or ferry, depending on your starting point. Once in Heraklion, you can easily reach Knossos by bus, taxi, or rental car. The archaeological site is just a short distance from the city centre.
Cost for entry: The entrance fee for Knossos was approximately €15 for adults and €8 for students and seniors. However, it's essential to verify the current prices as they may change over time. 
Exploring the site: Knossos is a vast archaeological site with numerous ruins and structures to explore. The approximate time required to fully explore the site depends on your level of interest and the pace at which you prefer to explore. On average, visitors spend around 2 to 3 hours at Knossos. Still, some people may choose to stay longer to delve deeper into the historical significance and architectural details.
Guided tours: It can be beneficial to join a guided tour of Knossos to better understand the site's history and significance. Guided tours are usually available on-site, and they can provide valuable insights and context to enhance your experience. The cost of a guided tour may vary, so it's advisable to check the prices and availability upon your visit.
Additional tips: Here are a few extra tips for your day trip to Knossos:
1. Wear comfortable shoes, as you'll be doing a fair amount of walking and exploring uneven terrain.
2. Consider visiting early in the morning or later in the afternoon to avoid the peak crowds, especially during the summer months.
3. Bringing sunscreen, a hat, and water is a good idea, as the site is mainly exposed to the sun, and the Mediterranean climate can get quite warm.
4. Take time to appreciate the intricate frescoes, ruins, and architectural details that make Knossos unique.

Remember to double-check the entry fees, opening hours, and any restrictions before your trip, as these details can change. Enjoy your visit to Knossos, and have a fantastic day exploring the ancient Minoan civilisation!


What happened to Knossos?

What caused the decline of the Minoan civilisation at Knossos is a topic of debate among historians and archaeologists. Several theories have been proposed to explain their eventual collapse. One theory suggests that natural disasters, like earthquakes and volcanic eruptions on a nearby island, caused widespread destruction and significantly impacted Minoan society. Another theory proposes that the Mycenaeans, an Indo-European civilisation, invaded and conquered the Minoans, incorporating elements of their culture and technology. Additionally, competition from emerging civilisations may have disrupted Minoan trade routes, leading to a decline in economic prosperity. Lastly, some historians speculate that internal factors and social unrest within Minoan society may have played a role in their downfall, such as changes in leadership, social hierarchies, or economic disparities leading to internal conflicts and weakening the civilisation from within. Unfortunately, archaeological evidence is limited, leaving uncertainty about the exact details of their downfall.